Pests: What Are They And Can You Control Them?

Becoming a homeowner can be one of the greatest feelings when you reach adulthood. There are so many amazing perks of having your own homeHowever, even with the perks of homeownership there are some things that aren’t so fun. One of those things is dealing with pests. Pests can be classified as any creature that causes damage to your property, or yourself and causes inconvenience to you. Pests include anything from flies to wasps and many of these little critters can be hard to get rid of and manage. That’s why today we are going to take a look at some of the most common pests you can come across in the home and garden, and what to do to get rid of them. If you are lucky you won’t even have to call your local Pest Authority

Meal Moths

Meal moths are annoying and they will often target things such as flour and dried fruit in your pantry. These little moths don’t carry disease so you don’t need to worry about your flour and other pantry ingredients after picking them out, however, it is best to make better habits when it comes to food storage. Instead of leaving flour and sugar in the paper bags they come in, transfer them to an airtight jar or tub and keep them safe! 

Fruit Flies

Fruit flies, of course, hang around the kitchen to feed on any of your sweet foods and fruits. To get rid of these flies you need to kill them before they breed. To do this you can set a little trap using some washing up liquid mixed with apple cider vinegar. Place this in a bowl and add cling film. Poke small holes in clingfilm and the flies will get trapped inside and your kitchen will soon be fly free. 

Crickets

You might not think of crickets as being a pest, however, in some parts of the world crickets can bite you if they feel provoked. To avoid this you need to ensure that you keep the bugs away from the home and this should be pretty easy. 

Beetles

Beetles don’t often come into the house, and when they do it is usually by accident. However, if larger beetles manage to get into the house they could cause some real damage to you with their mouths. The best way to treat a beetle bite if you do happen to get one is to place ice on the area to reduce the swelling and clean with some antibacterial wipes. You’ll soon be ok and back to normal. 

Millipedes

Millipedes are a rare sight for many of us and most of the time they are completely harmless. However, if you do come across a yellow-spotted millipede and it leaks on you, this is something you want to clean immediately and avoid eating after. When this millipede is scared it will roll up in a ball and secrete hydrogen cyanide in small doses to protect themselves. Make sure to avoid this and clean yourself thoroughly! 

Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are often just annoying and they will try to bite you to feed on your blood, but in some parts of the world, mosquitoes will be more dangerous than you think and can spread fatal disease. To ensure you control the mosquito populations around your home there are two things you can do. First of all, if you have a pond in the back garden, consider getting some frogspawn and also some dragonfly larvae. These will feed on mosquito larvae and stop them from developing. Also, always clear still water from your gutters. Mosquitoes are drawn to still water supplies and will lay eggs here. By not clearing your gutter you could be unknowingly running a mosquito nursery on the roof. 

Centipedes

A house centipede is fast and it can be annoying to try and catch. However, very much like spiders, these critters actually have an important use to your home and help to clear away smaller critters that may otherwise infest the house. So even though this pest might be annoying, you might be best just letting it live in the walls. 

Fleas

Fleas are the bane of a pet owner’s life. If your pet comes home with fleas it won’t be long before you know about it. The best way to treat fleas is by flea treating your pets, washing their collar and bedding, and giving them a good warm bath. 

Flies

Flies are perhaps the most common and the most annoying pest of all. Flies come in many different shapes and sizes and once you have flies in the house it can be a nightmare to get rid of them. The best way to get rid of flies is to spray houseplants with diluted washing up liquid to kills them. And to make sure you clear the bin regularly to prevent flies from breeding. 

Termites

If there is one creature that can literally burn your house to the ground, it’s the termite. If you have a fairly old home, the chances are that the beams holding your structure in place are wooden. If termites manage to get into these beams this can cause real damage to the home. Be sure to inspect for signs of them being present and seal any small gaps around the foundation of your home to stop them from causing more damage. You may also need to call in the professionals to help you. 

Gnats

Gnats, especially fungus gnats, are a pain to notice and you most likely won’t know you have them until you are already infested. The best way to deal with these gnats if they make a home in your houseplants is to let the top few inches of soil dry out completely and this will kill the gnats and stop them breeding any further. As well as this a mixture of 1 part hydrogen peroxide to 4 parts water can be poured close to the roots to kill them. Keep the house dry, clean, and clear out the bins! 

Bed Bugs

Don’t let the bed bugs bite! Honestly, if you have bed bugs you should immediately replace all of your bedding and the mattress. These little creatures are bad for your health and they will bite you through the night. Be sure to keep your home incredibly clean to prevent these creatures from settling in. 

Cockroaches

They say Cockroaches will be the only creature left on the planet after a nuclear apocalypse, and they can be incredibly difficult to manage and kill. To prevent cockroaches from getting into the home you should seal all small holes in the ceiling, walls, and floors. Be sure they have no small spaces to hide and don’t stack newspapers or magazines because they love to hide in them. 

Mites 

Mites are one of the tiniest critters you will ever see in the home and this makes them some of the hardest to get rid of. The most common type of mite is the white mite and these will find a food source in your kitchen and multiply exponentially before you even know they are there. To avoid mites taking hold in your kitchen keep everything stored in airtight containers and never leave food out for a long period of time. As well as this, if you do get infested you need to bleach every surface, vacuum it thoroughly, and repeat until they are dead. This can take days or even weeks depending on the severity of the infestation. 

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